COPD Resources
 

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COPD Resources  ---
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> What is COPD?
> COPD Facts
> Causes of COPD
> Diagnosing COPD
> COPD vs. Asthma
> The Lungs
> Current Treatments
> Patient Information

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COPD Facts

COPD is the fourth leading cause of death in the United States.[2]

In 1998, approximately 107,000 Americans died of COPD.[2]

COPD's prevalence and death rate are rising. In 2020, COPD is projected to become the third leading cause of death in the United States.[2]

COPD has a higher mortality rate than asthma (5,438 deaths from asthma in 1998 versus 107,000 deaths from COPD in 1998).[2,20]

The highest increase in mortality has been in white women, as observed between 1960 and 1998.[2]

An estimated 30 million Americans have COPD. However, only 16 million adult Americans have been diagnosed with disease.[1,4]

In 2000, the annual cost to the nation for COPD was estimated to be approximately $30.4 billion. Health care expenditures accounted for $14.7 billion, and indirect costs (decreased income due to loss of work or premature death) were $15.7 billion.[2]

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Chronic bronchitis is defined by the presence of a chronic cough and mucus production that continue for three months and occur during two successive years.[9] As the illness progresses, shortness of breath develops.

Current or former smokers with symptoms of chronic bronchitis may experience progression of their disease to emphysema.[10] Years of smoking can cause irreversible destruction of the walls around the air sacs in the lungs, resulting in labored breathing.